Arthur Merric Bloomfield Boyd was born at Murrumbeena, Melbourne, on 24 July 1920, the second child of Merric and Doris Boyd, both potters and painters. He attended occasional night classes at the National Gallery of Victoria Art School, but was mostly taught by his family, and in particular his artist grandfather Arthur Boyd, with whom he lived at Rosebud, Victoria from 1936 to 1938. His first solo exhibition was held in Melbourne in 1937.
During a brief service in the army, Boyd formed friendships with Sidney Nolan, Albert Tucker, John Perceval and John and Sunday Reed, associations that would continue throughout his life. In 1945 he married Yvonne Lennie. In 1959 Boyd relocated with his wife and three children to England, and in 1962 was given a retrospective exhibition at the Whitechapel Gallery, London. In 1967 Thames and Hudson published Franz Philipp's major monograph Arthur Boyd. Boyd revisited Australia in 1968 and continued to divide his time between Europe and Australia.
In 1993 Boyd donated his one thousand hectare property, Bundanon, to the nation as well as several thousand works of art from five generations of Boyd's and other Australian artists.
Arthur Boyd Retrospective, organised by the Art Gallery of New South Wales in 1993, toured nationally. In 1979 Boyd was awarded Officer of the Order of Australia (AO), in 1992 Companion of the Order of Australia (AC), and in 1995 was named Australian of the Year. Arthur Boyd died in East Melbourne on 24 April 1999. Arthur Boyd etchings and fine art prints at Etching House. Arthur Boyd was also famous for original etchings, silkscreens and prints over his long working life in fine art.